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Chipman-Union Mill, Inc. Records

Chipman-Union Mill, Inc. Records

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Descriptive Summary

Title: Chipman-Union Mill, Inc. Records
Identification: MS155
Date: 1871-2001 (bulk 1968-1989)
Size/Quantity: 10.4 linear feet (twenty document cases, four shoebox-size boxes, one oversize box)
Language: This collection is written in English.
Creator: Charles Chipman's Sons Company, Inc. , Chipman-Union Mill, Inc. , Union Manufacturing Company.
Repository: Archives & Records Management, Library, Georgia Institute of Technology
Abstract:Chipman-Union Mill was formed by the merger of Charles Chipman's Sons Company, Inc. and Union Manufacturing Company. These official records consist of legal, financial, and administrative documents spanning the company's entire history.

Biographical/Historical Note

Charles Chipman's Sons Company, Inc. began in 1884 with Charles Chipman buying a hosiery mill in Germantown, Pennsylvania. Several years later in 1894, his sons Frank and Evan took over the company and relocated to Easton, Pennsylvania. They later moved to New York City after incorporating in 1915. They brought the Karl Leiberknecht Company, manufacturer of hosiery machines until the 1950s, over from Germany. The company also served as a sales agent for other mills, including Union Manufacturing Company.

Union Manufacturing Company was founded in 1896 in the agricultural town of Union Point, Georgia to provide a year-round payroll for the community. Headed continuously until 1998 by the Bryan family, the mill manufactured underwear initially, but produced men's and boy's socks after the turn of the twentieth century.

In 1972 the two companies merged, with their headquarters located in Union Point in a building listed on the National Register of Historic Places. They established their Bryan-Scott division, named for F. Sibley Bryan, Sr., and Owen O. Scott in Greensboro, and Plant Laurel division in Reynolds. A significant marketing innovation developed during this time was the packaging of multi-packs, particularly six-packs. They also developed in the early 1980s one of their more popular brands, Odor-Eaters.

In 1993, Chipman-Union employees voted to organize a union after several years of negotiations. The company filed for bankruptcy in 2001.


Scope and Content Note

The first series in the collection, comprised of materials from Chipman-Union Mill, Inc. and Union Manufacturing Company (UMC), contains the bulk of the records. An extensive history on the origins of the mill is well documented as a published book, which also includes rough drafts and correspondence related to the writing of the book. The original mill building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1989 and a copy of the nomination form resides in the collection.

The Bryan family is traced through family trees written by several family members, personal letters, and copies of Jennie Lamb's will and scrapbook. Particularly significant is a slate diary written in 1871 by Maria V. Hart. She was the grandmother of Samuel "Hale" Sibley, the first president of UMC. A transcription of the diary was made, although little of the chalk has disappeared from the slate boards.

Chipman-Union was highly involved in Greene County and Union Point, Georgia. The company often contributed to local and national charities, evidenced by a significant amount of correspondence concerning their charitable contributions. One interesting signature on a thank you letter came from the Epilepsy Foundation of America, whose spokesperson was Henry Winkler. Chipman-Union also paid college tuitions for a number of students, many of whom were the children of employees.

UMC kept bound and unbound ledgers of financial information, including sales, production costs, and commercial accounts. The minutes of the Board of Directors' meetings, as well as the Annual Shareholders' meetings, were recorded from the early 1970s onward.

UNITE!, a textile workers' union, helped employees at Chipman-Union organize a union of their own in 1993. The employees' desire for unionization is documented in newspaper articles and illustrated by the negative comments toward management detailed in employee interviews and surveys.

The second series in the collection is concerned with Charles Chipman Sons, Inc. and the Chipman family. The newspaper articles, correspondence, newsletters, and advertisements relate the history of the company. One interesting item is a scrapbook of mill stickers and emblems used by the company in its role as a sales agent for other mills. Newspaper articles and legal documents document the Chipman family.

The third series in the collection is comprised of materials from other companies that dealt directly with Chipman-Union. It also contains catalogs and other printed material about the hosiery industry.


Arrangement

The first series is divided into 8 subseries: Subseries 1. History, 1954-1999; Subseries 2. Bryan Family, 1871-1996; Subseries 3. Administrative Documents, 1910-2001; Subseries 4. Correspondence, 1950-2001; Subseries 5. Printed Articles, 1948-1997; Subseries 6. Charitable Contributions, 1968-1997; Subseries 7. Community, 1963-1987; and Subseries 8. Other Divisions, 1898-1994.

The second series is made up of two subseries: Subseries 1. History, 1919-1986; and Subseries 2. Chipman Family, 1922-1967.

SERIES 1. Chipman-Union Mill, Inc. (and Union Manufacturing Company), 1871-2001 [Boxes 1-21]

SERIES 2. Charles Chipman's Sons Company, Inc., 1919-1986 [Boxes 21-24]

SERIES 3. Other Companies, 1879-1998 [Box 24]


Index Terms

Bryan family
Charles Chipman's Sons Company, Inc.
Chipman family
Easton (Pa.)--History.
Greene County (Ga.)--History.
Holston Manufacturing Company.
Hosiery workers--Georgia--Union Point.
Hosiery.
Labor unions--Organizing--Georgia--Union Point.
Labor unions.
Textile industry--Georgia.
Union Manufacturing Company (Union Point, Ga.).
Union Point (Ga.)--History.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Please cite Chipman-Union Mill, Inc. Records (MS155), Archives, Library and Information Center, Georgia Institute of Technology.

Provenance

F. Sibley Bryan, Jr., former president of Chipman-Union Mill, donated these records in 2001 (Accession #2001.147).

Processing Information

Yen M. Tang processed these papers in 2002.

Revisions to Finding Aid

February 2006:
  • Finding aid converted from Encoded Archival Description Version 1.0 to Version 2002. April 2010: Finding aid imported into Archivists' Toolkit.

  • Restrictions

    Restrictions: Access

    None.

    Restrictions: Use

    Permission to publish materials from this collection must be obtained from the Head of Archives and Special Collections.


    Separated Material

    1.6 linear feet of photographs, slides, negatives, and official company artwork were separated into VAM155.

    Two objects were separated as memorabilia: embossing stamp and unidentified handheld mechanical device.

    Twenty-one videotapes were separated into the video collection.

    Four published books were separated into the general collection:

    Official American Textile. (1928)

    Bassett, Beth. A Classic Bedtime Story. (1996)

    Donohue, Sharon. Cherokee Town and Country Club. (1997)

    Pogue, Jan. For One Glorious Purpose. undated


    Other Finding Aids

    A print copy of this finding aid is available in the Georgia Tech Archives reading room.


    Container List

    Request Items

     

    SERIES 1: Chipman-Union Mill, Inc., 1871-2001.



    Series 1, Subseries 1: History, 1954-1999.

    Box

    Fldr

    11Chipman-Union Mill History, 1967-1999
    12Union Manufacturing Company History, 1954-1997
    13Bound Draft of Chipman-Union Mill History, 1999
    14National Register of Historic Places Listing, 1989



    Series 1, Subseries 2: Bryan Family, 1871-1996.

    Box

    Fldr

    15Oral History Transcripts, undated
    16Bryan Family Tree, 1915-1996
    17Bryan Family Tree, 1915-1996
    18Personal Correspondence, 1913-1985
    19Slate Diary, 1871
    110Maria V. Hart Biography, undated
    111Phyllis B. Bryan, 1985
    112Jennie Lamb's Will, 1955

    Box

    Fldr

    21Jennie Lamb's Scrapbook (copy), 1990
    22Jennie Lamb's Scrapbook (copy), 1990
    23Bryan, Robert F., undated
    24Sibley, Samuel Hale, 1947-1948
    25Lamb, Harold and Jennie, 1954-1955
    26Bryan, F. Sibley, Sr., 1969-1977
    27Bryan, F. Sibley, Jr., undated



    Series 1, Subseries 3: Administrative Documents, 1910-2001.

    Box

    Fldr

    28Hawthorn Heights, undated
    29Management Chart, undated
    210Management Analysis, 1989
    211Resumes, undated
    212Sibley Bryan/Carl Hagen Correspondence, 1985
    213Sibley Bryan Employment Contracts, 1976-1981
    214Press Releases, 1966-1968
    215Employee Handbooks, 1968-1973
    216Employee Survey Results, 2000
    217Employee Interviews, undated
    218Weekly Labor Analysis, 1989-1994

    Box

    Fldr

    31Weekly Labor Analysis, 1979-1988
    32Employee Time Cards (A-M), 1946-1952
    33Employee Time Cards (A-M), 1946-1952
    34Employee Time Cards (A-M), 1946-1952
    35Employee Time Cards (A-M), 1946-1952

    Box

    Fldr

    41Employee Time Cards (N-Z), 1946-1952
    42Employee Time Cards (N-Z), 1946-1952
    43Unemployment Benefits, 1942-1943
    44Welfare Association Cash Disbursement, 1989-1993
    45Reviver of Charter, 1922
    46Legal Documents, 1948-1992
    47Legal Documents, 1948-1992
    48U. S. Patents, 1987-2001
    49Trust Indenture, 1952
    410Stock Plan Correspondence, 1976-1979
    411Christmas Card, undated
    412Display Information, undated
    413CSTV segment transcript, 1989-1990
    414Financial Information, 1911-1998
    4Volume: Inventory, 1940-1941

    Box

    Fldr

    51Financial Ledger, 1943-1964
    52Financial Ledger, 1943-1964
    53Financial Ledger, 1943-1964
    54Financial Ledger, 1958-1962
    55Financial Ledger, 1958-1962

    Box

    Fldr

    61Financial Ledger, 1962-1970
    62Financial Ledger, 1962-1970
    63Financial Ledger, 1962-1970
    64Financial Ledger, 1962-1970
    65Financial Ledger, 1962-1970

    Box

    Fldr

    71General Ledger, 1947-1959
    72General Ledger, 1947-1959
    73General Ledger, 1947-1959
    74General Ledger, 1947-1959
    75General Ledger, 1947-1959
    76General Ledger, 1947-1959

    Box

    8Volumes: Invoices, 1986-1997

    Box

    9Volumes: Invoices, 1986-1997

    Box

    10Volumes: Invoices, 1986-1997

    Box

    11Volume: Accounts Receivable, 1987-1992
    11Volume: Payroll, 1990-1993

    Box

    Fldr

    121Financial Charts, 1975-1991
    122Accounts, 1984-1988
    123Banking Statements, 1953-1972
    124Audited Financial Statements, 1973-1988
    125Audited Financial Statements, 1973-1988
    126Audited Financial Statements, 1973-1988
    127Marketing Report, undated
    128Manufacturing Cost Statistics, 1940-1942
    129Materials Usage, 1989-1997
    1210Interest Table Book, 1923
    1211Goals and Finances, 1995-1997
    1212Accounting Ledger, undated

    Box

    Fldr

    131Business Ledger, 1910-1937
    132Financial Ledger, 1943-1955
    133Long Term Strategies and Goals, 1978-1985
    134Strategy Report - Kurt Salmon Associates, 1995
    135Westheimer Company Correspondence, 1995
    13Volume: Westheimer Company Working Papers, 1995
    13Volume: Ernst and Young Discussion Guide, 1995
    13Volume: Interstate/Johnson Lane, 1995
    13Volume: The Robinson-Humphrey Company, Inc., 1995

    Box

    Fldr

    141Goals, 1975-1990
    142Union Manufacturing Company Price List, 1972
    143Product Line, 1976-1987
    144Sales, 1978-1982
    145Sales Comparison, 1973-1976
    146Vendor Reports, 1997-1998
    147Purchasing Reports, 1998
    148Production Reports, 1997
    149Weekly Sales Reports, 1990-1992

    Box

    Fldr

    151Weekly Sales Reports, 1993-1998
    152Weekly Sales Reports, 1993-1998
    15Volume: Minutes Ledger, 1965-1975
    153Board of Directors Meeting Minutes, 1972-1980
    154Board of Directors Meeting Minutes, 1972-1980
    155Board of Directors Meeting Minutes, 1972-1980

    Box

    Fldr

    161Board of Directors Meeting Minutes, 1977-1995
    162Board of Directors Meeting Minutes, 1977-1995
    163Board of Directors Meeting Minutes, 1977-1995
    164Board of Directors Meeting Minutes, 1977-1995
    165Board of Directors Meeting Minutes, 1977-1995
    166Board of Directors Meeting Minutes, 1977-1995

    Box

    Fldr

    171Board of Directors Meeting Minutes, 1988-1989
    172Annual Shareholders' Meeting Minutes, 1975-1989



    Series 1, Subseries 4: Correspondence, 1950-2001.

    Box

    Fldr

    173Correspondence (Business), 1950-1985
    174Correspondence (Business), 1950-1985
    175100th Anniversary Correspondence, 1984
    176Chipman-Union Book Correspondence, 1997-2001



    Series 1, Subseries 5: Printed Articles, 1948-1997.

    Box

    Fldr

    177"Footprints" Newsletter, 1977-1994
    178Newspaper Articles, 1948-1997
    179Brochures, 1978-1994



    Series 1, Subseries 6: Charitable Contributions, 1968-1987.

    Box

    Fldr

    181Charitable Contributions, 1968-1979
    182Charitable Contributions, 1968-1979
    183Charitable Contributions, 1968-1979
    184Charitable Contributions, 1968-1979
    185Charitable Contributions, 1968-1979
    186Charitable Contributions, 1968-1979

    Box

    Fldr

    191Charitable Contributions, 1970-1988
    192Charitable Contributions, 1970-1988
    193Charitable Contributions, 1970-1988
    194Charitable Contributions, 1970-1988
    195Charitable Contributions, 1970-1988
    196Charitable Contributions, 1970-1988

    Box

    Fldr

    201Charitable Contributions, 1985-1987
    202Charitable Contributions, 1985-1987
    203Charitable Contributions, 1985-1987



    Series 1, Subseries 7: Community, 1963-1987.

    Box

    Fldr

    204Greene County, undated
    205Greene County School Board Court Case, 1986
    206Greene County School Board, 1987
    207Union Point, GA, 1963



    Series 1, Subseries 8: Other Divisions, 1898-1994.

    Box

    Fldr

    211Union Point Improvement Company Plats, 1966-1967
    212Union Point Improvement Company Stock Certificates, 1898-1966
    213Holston Manufacturing Company, 1966-1979
    214Holston Manufacturing Company Legal Documents, 1920-1940
    215Holston Manufacturing Company Financial Statements, 1973-1976
    216Holston Manufacturing Company Labor Analysis, undated
    217Holston Manufacturing Company Board of Directors Meeting Minutes, 1977
    218Bryan-Scott Labor Analysis, 1978-1994
    219Bryan-Scott Labor Analysis, 1978-1994
    2110Dinner Programs, 1961
     

    SERIES 2: Charles Chipman's Sons Company, Inc., 1919-1986.



    Series 2, Subseries 1: History, 1919-1986.

    Box

    Fldr

    2111Charles Chipman's Sons History, 1919-1962
    2112Chipman Monthly News, 1937
    2113Charles Chipman's Sons Report, 1966
    2114Advertisements, undated
    2115Comiskey, Charles, 1945-1972
    2116Chipman Mill Stickers, undated

    Box

    22Volume: Holston Manufacturing Company Meeting Minutes, 1966-1981
    22Volume: $2,125,000 Loan of the Prudential Insurance Company of America, 1977
    22Volume: $2,500,000 Loan of Prudential Insurance Company of America, 1986

    Box

    23Volume: Reorganization of Chipman-Union, Inc., 1983



    Series 2, Subseries 2: Chipman Family, 1922-1967

    Box

    Fldr

    241Chipman Family, 1922-1967
     

    SERIES 3: Other Companies, 1879-1998.

    Box

    Fldr

    242Hosiery Catalog, 1942
    243Hosiery Publications, 1951-1994
    244Hosiery Information, 1974-1988
    245Esquire Socks Catalog, 1961
    246Department Stores, 1977
    247Sears Invoices, 1957
    248Jones Knitting Mills, 1879
    249Belmont Hosiery Mills, 1972-1998
    2410Woolworth, 1979
    2411Woolworth 100th Anniversary, 1979
    2412Hunt Foods Stockholders Meeting, 1968
    2413Keeper Industries, 1979
    2414Harriet and Henderson, 1995

    Box

    25Miscellaneous oversized material, 1984