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Enterprise Manufacturing Company records

Enterprise Manufacturing Company records

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Descriptive Summary

Title: Enterprise Manufacturing Company records
Identification: MS331
Date: 1877-1960 (bulk dates 1877-1936)
Size/Quantity: 21.5 linear feet (1 document case and 54 bound volumes)
Language: This collection is written in English.
Creator: Enterprise Manufacturing Company (Augusta, Ga.).
Repository: Archives & Records Management, Library, Georgia Institute of Technology
Abstract:The Enterprise Manufacturing Company records consist of a group of ledgers, including statement books, journals, cash books, check books and stock certificates, as well as a small number of general business records and reports. These records document the day-to-day operations of the mill from its beginnings until about 1936. One volume of letters relating to the company's Relief and Burial Society during the 1950s is also included. A small number of general office files (SERIES 1) include, among other things, an audit (1923), reports on Enterprise's financial condition from 1877 to 1922, a 1936 efficiency survey, a report on the electrification of the Augusta Canal, and some correspondence.

Biographical/Historical Note

The Enterprise Manufacturing Company, a textile mill along the Augusta Canal in Augusta, Georgia, was built in 1877 as an addition to an existing grist mill. The company remained in operation for more than 100 years, except for one short hiatus during an economic down-turn in the mid-1880s.

Granite Mill, a four-story flour mill, was first constructed on the Augusta Canal site in 1848, to take advantage of the transportation and water power provided by the newly built canal. After the canal was enlarged in 1875, the possibility of increased water power prompted a group of Augusta businessmen to build a textile mill, the Enterprise Manufacturing Company, adjacent to the Granite Mill. In late 1877 the new building was complete, and operations in both buildings turned to the production of cloth from cotton. Gordon T. Jackson, previously the owner of the Granite Mill, became the new mill's first president.

Three years after it was completed, the Enterprise mill expanded to double its original size. The mill prospered during the early 1880s, producing over 9 million yards of cloth and employing 466 operatives in the fiscal year following the addition. The company soon fell on hard times, however, partly due to Jackson's embezzlement of $150,000 and partly because of the 1884 collapse of the national market. In September 1884 the mill temporarily shut down, and Jackson went to jail the following year. Nevertheless, the company soon regained its footing under the leadership of its new president, James P. Verdery. By the late 1880s prosperity had returned; a weaving room was added in ca. 1888. Further additions during the next thirty years included the starch warehouse (ca. 1890), the cloth warehouse (ca. 1900), and a workers smoking building (ca. 1920).

In 1923 the Graniteville Company, led by three New York businessmen, bought a controlling interest in the Enterprise mill. The presidency passed to Samuel A. Fortson, who remained in charge until 1936. In the same year, the Graniteville Company decided to combine the Enterprise operations with that of the Sibley Manufacturing Company, which the Graniteville Company had also acquired in 1923, to form the Sibley-Enterprise Manufacturing Company. Four years later, in 1940, the two mills became divisions of the Graniteville Company.

The Enterprise Manufacturing Company remained in operation until 1983, when the mill finally shut down. After remaining vacant for over a decade, in 1997 the mill was converted into a multi-use facility with loft apartments, office space, and restaurants.


Scope and Content Note

These records are mainly made up of a group of ledgers (SERIES 2) documenting the financial status of the Enterprise Manufacturing Company during the mill's early years. Statement books (1878-1925), cash books (1884-1925), check books (1923-1929), draft receipt books, and other ledgers (1884-1928) provide detailed information on the financial transactions of the firm. The company's earliest period, including the time leading up to the alleged embezzlement of funds and the closing of the mill, is covered in a few ledgers and journals (especially L011, L023, L032, and L039). The period of recovery after the closing of the mill and the period of Graniteville Company's purchase of a controlling interest in Enterprise are well supported in the bulk of the ledgers. The collection also includes a volume of letters relating to the Enterprise Relief and Burial Society during the 1950s.

A small number of general office files (SERIES 1) include, among other things, an audit (1923), reports on Enterprise's financial condition from 1877 to 1922, a 1936 efficiency survey, a report on the electrification of the Augusta Canal, and some correspondence.


Arrangement

Arranged into two series. The contents of the second series is listed both alphabetically and chronologically:

SERIES 1. Business records

SERIES 2. Ledgers (alphabetical list)

SERIES 2. Ledgers (chronological list)


Index Terms

Burial--Societies, etc.
Business records.
Canals--Georgia--Augusta.
Enterprise Manufacturing Company (Augusta, Ga.).
Fortson, Samuel A.
Granite Flour Mill.
Graniteville Company.
Ledgers (account books).
Textile industry--Georgia--Augusta.
Textile manufacturers--Georgia--Augusta.

Administrative Information

Custodial History

This collection was originally donated to the Manuscript, Archives, and Rare Book Library (MARBL) at Emory University in 1978. The records were transferred to the Georgia Tech Archives in December 2007.

Preferred Citation

Please cite [Item], [Volume or Folder Title], Enterprise Manufacturing Company (Augusta, Ga.) records (MS331), Archives, Library and Information Center, Georgia Institute of Technology.

Provenance

Transferred to the Georgia Tech Archives from MARBL, Emory University, in December 2007 (accession number 2007.110).

Processing Information

Christine de Catanzaro and Melanie Stam completed the processing of these records in November 2008.

Revisions to Finding Aid

April 2010:
  • Finding aid imported into Archivists' Toolkit.

  • Restrictions

    Restrictions: Access

    One ledger, Social Security Records (MS331-L039), is restricted.

    Restrictions: Use

    Permission to publish materials from this collection must be obtained from the Head of Archives and Special Collections.


    Related Material

    See also the Sibley Manufacturing Company (Augusta, Ga.) Records (MS332), in this repository. The Sibley mill, another textile mill in Augusta, also came under the ownership of the Graniteville Company in 1923, and in 1940 became a division of the Graniteville Company.


    Other Finding Aids

    A print copy of this finding aid is available in the Georgia Tech Archives reading room.


    Container List

    Request Items

     

    SERIES 1: Business records, 1915-1960

    Arrangement

    Folders are arranged alphabetically, by folder title.

    Description

    This series contains financial records of the Enterprise mill, as well as correspondence and reports, mainly dating from the mid 1920s. Financial records include a 1921 income tax report, an audit from 1923, and special financial examinations of the Enterprise mill, as well as a folder of invoices, receipts, and correspondence with The Foundation Company in New York. A folder of correspondence and reports relates to the Augusta Canal and covers especially the concerns of management regarding water power during the mid 1920s, following electrification of the canal. Another folder contains a 1936 efficiency survey by the Whitin Machine Works of Charlotte, N.C. Engineers’ reports, including a report on the electrification of the canal, are also found in this series.

    Box

    Fldr

    11Audit, October 1923
    12Comparative Statements (1912-1922), November 1922
    13Comparative Statements (1912-1922), November 1922
    14Correspondence re: Augusta Canal, 1924-1926
    15Correspondence re: Woodward, Baldwin and Co. (New York) drafts, 1915-1916
    16Daily Weaving and Cloth Report, March 6, 1936
    17Examination by Income Tax Inspectors (1917-1920), April 1921
    18Invoices, receipts, correspondence -- The Foundation Company (New York), 1920
    19Relief and Burial Society, ca. 1941-1960
    110Report on the Electrification of the Augusta Canal, April 1924
    111Special Examination (1884-1916), November 1919
    112Special Plant Examination (1877-1920), October 1922
    113Special Plant Examination (1877-1920), October 1922
    114Survey -- Whitin Machine Works (Charlotte, N.C.), September 1936
     

    Series 2: Ledgers (alphabetical list), 1877-1959

    Arrangement

    Ledgers are listed alphabetically, by title.

    Description

    Series 2 is made up of a group of ledgers documenting the financial status of the Enterprise Manufacturing Company during the mill's early years. Statement books (1878-1925), cash books (1884-1925), check books (1923-1929), draft receipt books, and other ledgers (1884-1928) provide detailed information on the financial transactions of the firm. The company's earliest period, including the time leading up to the alleged embezzlement of funds and the closing of the mill, is covered in a few ledgers and journals (especially L011, L023, L032, and L039). The period of recovery after the closing of the mill and the period of Graniteville Company's purchase of a controlling interest in Enterprise are well supported in the bulk of the ledgers. The series also includes a volume of checks relating to the Enterprise Relief and Burial Society during the 1950s.

    Box

    36MS331-L050: Cancelled and Unissued Stock Certificates No. 1003-1497, July 1887-May 1899

    Box

    38MS331-L052: Cancelled and Unissued Stock Certificates No. 1500-1999, May 1899-March 1912

    Box

    37MS331-L051: Cancelled and Unissued Stock Certificates No. 2000-2490, March 1912-August 1920

    Box

    5MS331-L008: Cash Book, February 1916-March 1919

    Box

    7MS331-L010: Cash Book, January 1925-December 1930

    Box

    28MS331-L041: Cash Book, April 1919-December 1924

    Box

    9MS331-L012: Cash Book, March 1909-January 1916

    Box

    31MS331-L045: Cash Book, October 1884-April 1890

    Box

    32MS331-L046: Cash Book, March 1902-February 1909

    Box

    33MS331-L047: Cash Book, March 1896-February 1902

    Box

    34MS331-L048: Cash Book, April 1890-February 1896

    Box

    24MS331-L034: Checks-1-1000, April 1919-January 1920

    Box

    4MS331-L005: Checks-10952-11951, January 1927-August 1927

    Box

    13MS331-L017: Checks-2001-3000, July 1913-April 1920
    13MS331-L018: Checks-4952-5951, April 1923-October 1923

    Box

    14MS331-L019: Checks-5952-6951, October 1923-June 1924

    Box

    2MS331-L002: Checks-6952-7951, June 1924-March 1925
    4MS331-L006: Checks-7952-8951, March 1925-November 1925
    2MS331-L001: Checks-8952-9951, November 1925-June 1926
    14MS331-L020: Checks-9952-10951, June 1926-January 1927

    Box

    35MS331-L049: Checks 14952-15951, June 1929-December 1929

    Box

    39MS331-L053: Checks 7-501, December 1923-December 1931

    Box

    22MS331-L030: Dividend Book # 33 No. 1001-2000, July 1909-January 1914
    22MS331-L031: Dividend Book #39 No. 1-1094, August 1917-July 1919

    Box

    23MS331-L033: Draft Book Checks #1501-3050, August 1904-November 1927
    4MS331-L007: Draft Receipts 601-900, October 1930-February 1933

    Box

    27MS331-L040: Enterprise Burial Society Check Ledger, July 1956-December 1959

    Box

    8MS331-L011: Journal, June 1881-March 1884

    Box

    15MS331-L021: Journal, March 1891-December 1896

    Box

    16MS331-L022: Journal, December 1896-November 1903

    Box

    20MS331-L028: Journal, November 1924-October 1927

    Box

    21MS331-L029: Journal, January 1922-November 1924
    23MS331-L032: Journal, March 1877-May 1881
    24MS331-L035: Journal, April 1930-November 1930

    Box

    26MS331-L038: Journal, December 1903-July 1915

    Box

    29MS331-L042: Journal, August 1915-January 1922

    Box

    30MS331-L043: Journal, November 1927-April 1930

    Box

    6MS331-L009: Ledger, November 1902-January 1921

    Box

    10MS331-L013: Ledger, January 1927-January 1931

    Box

    11MS331-L015: Ledger, August 1885-January 1895

    Box

    12MS331-L016: Ledger, December 1909-February 1915

    Box

    18MS331-L026: Ledger, January 1921-January 1927

    Box

    19MS331-L027: Ledger, October 1884-December 1902

    Box

    25MS331-L037: Ledger B, January 1895-March 1917
    39MS331-L054: Misc Check Book, June 1924-November 1930
    25MS331-L036: Order Book, September 1899-December 1913
    27MS331-L039: Social Security Records (RESTRICTED), August 1880-1923
    11MS331-L014: Statement Book, November 1909-July 1925
    16MS331-L023: Statement Book, March 1878-October 1884

    Box

    17MS331-L024: Statement Book, June 1890-April 1899
    17MS331-L025: Statement Book, October 1884-May 1890
    30MS331-L044: Statement Book, May 1899-October 1909

    Box

    3MS331-L003: Unissued Certificates 3,000-3,250, ca. 1930-1939
    3MS331-L004: Unissued Certificates 3,250-3,500, ca. 1930-1939
     

    Series 2: Ledgers (chronological list), 1877-1959

    Arrangement

    Ledgers are listed chronologically.

    Description

    Series 2 is made up of a group of ledgers documenting the financial status of the Enterprise Manufacturing Company during the mill's early years. Statement books (1878-1925), cash books (1884-1925), check books (1923-1929), draft receipt books, and other ledgers (1884-1928) provide detailed information on the financial transactions of the firm. The company's earliest period, including the time leading up to the alleged embezzlement of funds and the closing of the mill, is covered in a few ledgers and journals (especially L011, L023, L032, and L039). The period of recovery after the closing of the mill and the period of Graniteville Company's purchase of a controlling interest in Enterprise are well supported in the bulk of the ledgers. The series also includes a volume of checks relating to the Enterprise Relief and Burial Society during the 1950s.

    Box

    23MS331-L032: Journal, March 1877-May 1881

    Box

    16MS331-L023: Statement Book, March 1878-October 1884

    Box

    27MS331-L039: Social Security Records (RESTRICTED), August 1880-1923

    Box

    8MS331-L011: Journal, June 1881-March 1884

    Box

    31MS331-L045: Cash Book, October 1884-April 1890

    Box

    17MS331-L025: Statement Book, October 1884-May 1890

    Box

    19MS331-L027: Ledger, October 1884-December 1902

    Box

    11MS331-L015: Ledger, August 1885-January 1895

    Box

    36MS331-L050: Cancelled and Unissued Stock Certificates No. 1003-1497, July 1887-May 1899

    Box

    34MS331-L048: Cash Book, April 1890-February 1896
    17MS331-L024: Statement Book, June 1890-April 1899

    Box

    15MS331-L021: Journal, March 1891-December 1896

    Box

    25MS331-L037: Ledger B, January 1895-March 1917

    Box

    33MS331-L047: Cash Book, March 1896-February 1902
    16MS331-L022: Journal, December 1896-November 1903

    Box

    30MS331-L044: Statement Book, May 1899-October 1909

    Box

    38MS331-L052: Cancelled and Unissued Stock Certificates No. 1500-1999, May 1899-March 1912
    25MS331-L036: Order Book, September 1899-December 1913

    Box

    32MS331-L046: Cash Book, March 1902-February 1909

    Box

    6MS331-L009: Ledger, November 1902-January 1921

    Box

    26MS331-L038: Journal, December 1903-July 1915
    23MS331-L033: Draft Book Checks #1501-3050, August 1904-November 1927

    Box

    9MS331-L012: Cash Book, March 1909-January 1916

    Box

    22MS331-L030: Dividend Book # 33 No. 1001-2000, July 1909-January 1914
    11MS331-L014: Statement Book, November 1909-July 1925

    Box

    12MS331-L016: Ledger, December 1909-February 1915

    Box

    37MS331-L051: Cancelled and Unissued Stock Certificates No. 2000-2490, March 1912-August 1920

    Box

    13MS331-L017: Checks-2001-3000, July 1913-April 1920

    Box

    29MS331-L042: Journal, August 1915-January 1922

    Box

    5MS331-L008: Cash Book, February 1916-March 1919
    22MS331-L031: Dividend Book #39 No. 1-1094, August 1917-July 1919

    Box

    24MS331-L034: Checks-1-1000, April 1919-January 1920

    Box

    28MS331-L041: Cash Book, April 1919-December 1924

    Box

    18MS331-L026: Ledger, January 1921-January 1927

    Box

    21MS331-L029: Journal, January 1922-November 1924
    13MS331-L018: Checks-4952-5951, April 1923-October 1923

    Box

    14MS331-L019: Checks-5952-6951, October 1923-June 1924

    Box

    39MS331-L053: Checks 7-501, December 1923-December 1931

    Box

    2MS331-L002: Checks-6952-7951, June 1924-March 1925
    39MS331-L054: Misc Check Book, June 1924-November 1930

    Box

    20MS331-L028: Journal, November 1924-October 1927

    Box

    7MS331-L010: Cash Book, January 1925-December 1930

    Box

    4MS331-L006: Checks-7952-8951, March 1925-November 1925
    2MS331-L001: Checks-8952-9951, November 1925-June 1926
    14MS331-L020: Checks-9952-10951, June 1926-January 1927
    4MS331-L005: Checks-10952-11951, January 1927-August 1927

    Box

    10MS331-L013: Ledger, January 1927-January 1931
    30MS331-L043: Journal, November 1927-April 1930

    Box

    35MS331-L049: Checks 14952-15951, June 1929-December 1929

    Box

    3MS331-L003: Unissued Certificates 3,000-3,250, ca. 1930-1939
    3MS331-L004: Unissued Certificates 3,250-3,500, ca. 1930-1939
    24MS331-L035: Journal, April 1930-November 1930
    4MS331-L007: Draft Receipts 601-900, October 1930-February 1933
    27MS331-L040: Enterprise Burial Society Check Ledger, July 1956-December 1959