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Fulton Bag and Cotton Mills Architectural Drawings

Fulton Bag and Cotton Mills Architectural Drawings

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Descriptive Summary

Title: Fulton Bag and Cotton Mills Architectural Drawings
Identification: VAMD004
Date: 1889-1952
Size/Quantity: 125.92 cubic feet (55 flat file drawers and oversize)
Language: This collection is written in English.
Creator: Fulton Bag and Cotton Mills.
Repository: Archives & Records Management, Library, Georgia Institute of Technology
Abstract:Founded in Atlanta during the late 1860s, the Fulton Bag and Cotton Mills operated under the management of Jacob Elsas and his descendants for more than a century. The architectural drawings document the design and construction of most of the major buildings of the Atlanta site of Fulton Bag and Cotton Mills, as well as its machinery and equipment. The collection also contains drawings of the housing in the Atlanta mill village, as well as some drawings of other Fulton Bag sites, including Dallas and New Orleans.

Biographical/Historical Note

The beginnings of the Fulton Bag and Cotton Mills can be traced to Atlanta in 1868, when Jacob Elsas, an immigrant of German Jewish descent who had recently arrived in Atlanta from Cincinnati, began work in the city in the rag, paper, and hide business. Elsas soon recognized the need of his and other area businesses for cloth and paper containers to house their goods. Within two or three years Elsas had switched to the new business of manufacturing cloth and paper bags and had joined forces with fellow German Jewish immigrant Isaac May. In January 1872, the new company became known as Elsas, May and Company. Located in the former Atlanta slave market house, the company expanded during the 1870s; by the end of the decade, the firm consisted of a bleachery, print shop, and bag mill, and it employed between 100 and 160 workers, including women and children.

After receiving financial backing from Cincinnati banker Lewis Seasongood, the company began construction of a new complex of buildings on the south side of the Georgia Railroad line, east of downtown. By 1881 the company had become known as the Fulton Cotton Spinning Company, adding a bag factory to the new site in 1882. By the end of the 1880s the partnership between Jacob Elsas and Isaac May had discontinued. One part of the company evolved into the Elsas, May Paper Company and the other, led by Jacob Elsas and incorporated in 1889, became the Fulton Bag and Cotton Mill Company.

Within a few years Fulton Bag and Cotton Mill Company had outgrown the capacity of the existing buildings, resulting in the construction of a second mill on the Atlanta site in 1895, with more than 40,000 spindles. A third mill added 50,000 additional spindles by 1907. In addition, a neighboring village with housing for the mill workers was well established by the turn of the twentieth century. Bag plants in New Orleans and St. Louis were bought during the 1890s, and mills in New York and Dallas began operation in the early years of the twentieth century. Additional plants in Minneapolis and Kansas City were established during and after World War I, and a plant in Denver was added in 1945, at the end of World War II. Expansion of the Atlanta plant also continued throughout the first half of the twentieth century: Offices, two picker buildings, and several warehouses were constructed during these years, and the Jacob Elsas Clinic and Nursery was established in the early 1940s.

Despite the early prosperity of the Fulton Bag and Cotton Mills, the company was troubled by periods of labor unrest. A wage dispute resulted in a two-day strike in November 1885. A second brief strike occurred in August 1897, when white workers protested the hiring of black women. The 1897 strike was settled after five days. A lengthier strike took place in 1914-1915, triggered by management's disapproval of the growing efforts among the workers to join the United Textile Workers. Besides the issue of unionization, the strikers demanded an increase in wages, a 54-hour work week, and a decrease in the use of child labor. The strike gained national notoriety when it drew the attention of the newly formed U.S. Commission on Industrial Relations, who sent representatives to Atlanta to gather testimonies in March 1915. The strike ultimately failed in May of that year.

Many of Jacob Elsas' large family assumed management roles in Atlanta as well as in the other locations of the company. After his retirement at age 70, Jacob turned over the Presidency of the firm to his son Oscar in 1914. Sons Victor, Louis, and David worked in New Orleans, New York, and Dallas, respectively. Another son, Benjamin, succeeded Oscar as President in 1924. In 1942 a grandson, Norman Elsas, assumed the Presidency of the firm, followed by a second grandson, William Elsas, who served briefly as President in 1950. Following William's sudden death, Clarence Elsas, also a grandson, took over the Presidency in 1951. Clarence Elsas served as President until 1956, and again held the position from 1960 to 1968.

Jacob Elsas played an instrumental role in the founding of the Georgia Institute of Technology. He became one of the early customers of the Georgia Tech shops, and he enrolled his son Oscar at the school for two years. Other family members, including Jacob's grandson William, also attended Tech. Elsas' activities also extended to philanthropy, particularly in the support of the Grand Opera House, the Hebrew Orphan's Home, and Grady Hospital in Atlanta. The elder Elsas died in 1931.

Changes in packaging after World War II sparked changes within the company. Products such as multiwall paper bags, canvas goods, osnaburgs and barrier materials replaced some of the old products, to respond to the new market opportunities presented in the postwar era. In 1956, Eastern and Midwestern investors bought controlling interest in the company, the nine bag manufacturing companies were sold, and in 1960 the parent company became Fulton Industries Inc. The Atlanta mill, which remained known as Fulton Cotton Mill, continued in operation under the management of Elsas family members until 1968. In that year Fulton Industries Inc. was sold to Allied Products Corporation. Fulton Cotton Mill's last President, Meno Schoenbach, served in that position from 1971 until 1978, the year the Atlanta mill finally closed its doors.

In 1997 Aederhold Properties redeveloped the historic Fulton Cotton Mill in Atlanta into a mixed-income community of 182 loft apartments.


Scope and Content Note

The architectural drawings in this collection document the design and construction of most of the major buildings of the Atlanta site of Fulton Bag and Cotton Mills, as well as its machinery and equipment. The collection also contains drawings of the housing in the Atlanta mill village, as well as some drawings from other Fulton Bag sites, including Dallas and New Orleans. SERIES 1 consists of maps of the Atlanta mill and factory buildings and site plans for the village, including maps of the Atlanta mill and factory buildings, mostly dating from the early stages of its history, and site maps of the mill village. SERIES 2 contains drawings of the buildings in the mill village, including drawings of various house plans. Most of the blueprints are drawings of floor plans, elevations, foundations, and structural details of the houses. SERIES 3, the largest of the series, consists of blueprints for most of the buildings that were constructed on the Atlanta site. Some of these drawings date back to the late nineteenth century. SERIES 4 includes designs of a variety of machinery and equipment for the Atlanta mill. SERIES 5 contains drawings from other Fulton Bag mills including those in Dallas, New Orleans, Denver and Minneapolis. SERIES 6 is made up of a few drawings of the personal residences of Jacob and Norman Elsas.

Architects whose names figure prominently in the drawings include Shand and Lafaye (Columbia, SC), Smith Whaley (Boston), and Lockwood Greene (Atlanta and Columbia), particularly for those dating from 1895 to about the second decade of the twentieth century. Later, the Atlanta architectural firm A.K. Adams is well represented.

For further details on each series and subseries, see the detailed description below.


Arrangement

The collection has been divided into six series:

The drawings within each series are grouped into folders and arranged by size. For ease of access, the folders are normally listed alphabetically by folder title.

SERIES 1. Atlanta site plans

SERIES 2. Atlanta mill village

SERIES 3. Atlanta mill buildings

SERIES 4. Atlanta machinery and equipment

SERIES 5. Other Fulton Bag and Cotton Mill sites

SERIES 6. Private residences--Elsas family


Index Terms

Architectural drawings (visual works).
Architecture--Designs and plans--Working drawings.
Blueprints.
Commercial buildings--Georgia--Atlanta.
Elsas, Norman E.
Jacob Elsas family
Neighborhood--Georgia--Atlanta.
Textile industry--Georgia--Atlanta.
Textile machinery.

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements

Because of their age and condition, many of the drawings in this collection are very fragile. Some of the most fragile drawings have been removed for treatment and/or scanning. Removal sheets for the removed drawings are placed in the appropriate folders. Careful handling of all the materials in this collection is required.


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Please cite [Drawing Title, Folder Title, Series and Subseries Title,] Fulton Bag and Cotton Mills Architectural Drawings (VAMD004), Archives, Library and Information Center, Georgia Institute of Technology.

Provenance

Accession Number: 1985.0801 (old number: 1985-08-01). This collection was acquired from the Fulton Cotton Mill in Atlanta in 1985.

Processing Information

Christine D. de Catanzaro completed the partial finding aid in October 2005, with the assistance of Grayson Cason and Valerie Ellis.

Revisions to Finding Aid

November 2006:
  • Updated to include all architectural drawings in the collection (original partial finding aid completed October 2005). May 2007: About fifty additional folio drawings (ca. 4.32 cubic feet) added. April 2010: Finding aid imported into Archivists' Toolkit.

  • Restrictions

    Restrictions: Access

    Some parts of the collection may be restricted because of the size or condition of the originals. Please consult one of the archivists to obtain permission to access these parts of the collection. Some drawings may require a 24- to 48-hour waiting period before they can be retrieved.

    Restrictions: Use

    Permission to publish materials from this collection must be obtained from the Head of Archives and Special Collections.


    Separated Material

    The manuscript materials and photographs in this collection have been processed separately. See the finding aids for the Fulton Bag and Cotton Mills records (MS004) and the Fulton Bag and Cotton Mills photographs (VAM004) to access these materials.

    Oversize drawings (those greater than 36" x 48") are stored separately and labeled as folio drawings.


    Related Material


    Other Finding Aids

    A print copy of this finding aid is available in the Georgia Tech Archives reading room.


    Original File Plan

    The drawings in this collection were apparently originally organized according to a system, as many of the drawings are labelled with drawer numbers. In processing the collection, it was not feasible to reproduce the original storage system. However, the original drawing labels guided the organization wherever possible.

    Container List

    Request Items

     

    SERIES 1: Atlanta site plans, 1895-1942; undated.

    6.48 Cubic feet (3 flat file drawers)



    SERIES 1, Subseries 1: Factory site plans, 1895-1940; undated.

    SERIES 1, Subseries 1 consists of maps of the Atlanta mill and factory buildings, mostly dating from the early stages of its history. Among the most significant drawings in this small subseries is the selection of insurance maps, which show the layout of mill buildings and document the growth and development of the Atlanta mill during the first three decades of the twentieth century. Some of the insurance maps also show the location of the various functions (such as carding, spinning, and weaving) that took place on each floor of each of the factory buildings. A few blueprints of the mill site and plats of the railway and roads also form part of this subseries.

    Drawer

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    3a6Atlanta mill, undated

    Drawer

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    3a11Factory and yard maps, 1918; undated

    Drawer

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    3a7Foundation, grounding, fence plan, April 15, 1930

    Drawer

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    3a8Fourth and sixth ward (Piedmont and North Avenue) (including names of occupants), February 1920

    Drawer

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    3a9Insurance maps: Factory and yard, 1904-1929; undated

    Drawer

    Fldr

    3a10Insurance maps: Factory and yard, 1919-1925; undated

    Drawer

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    3a1Insurance specifications for fire protection, 1918-1921

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    2o2Landscape, sewer details (cross-section) (FRAGILE), January 1918

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    3a12Plat: Location of buildings and finished grades (FRAGILE), April 6, 1895

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    3a2Plat: Widening of Old Flat Shoals Road, March 7, 1931

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    3a3Railway: Plat of tracks A. and W.P.R.R., January 16, 1930

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    3a4Railway maps, 1923-1940

    Box

    4Right of way and track; underpass (proposed), 1918; 1944

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    3a5Street maps and topography, 1907; 1922-1930

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    3a13Topographic maps, 1917-1919



    SERIES 1, Subseries 2: Mill village site plans, 1903-1942; undated.

    SERIES 1, Subseries 2 is mainly made up of site maps of the mill village. Some of these feature the entire village and factory site, while others focus on one or two of the numbered properties into which the village was divided. Some indicate the owners or occupants of the properties. Also part of this subseries are two significant text documents: The first is a 1927 list of rents and property valuations for the village properties; the second, dating from around 1920, lists owners or occupants of several Atlanta city blocks in the area directly south of the Fulton Bag mill. The maps in this subseries document especially well the layout of the village during the late 1910s and 1920s. For blueprints of house designs and other structures in the village, see Series 2.

    Drawer

    Fldr

    3b2Excavation maps, 1903-1929

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    3b1List of owners or occupants: Blocks 287-357, ca. 1920

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    3b3List of rent and property valuations, 1927

    Drawer

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    7d8Maps, June 5, 1933

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    7d9Maps: Various (includes names of occupants), 1918-1934

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    7d10Maps: Various, undated

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    7d16Property and vicinity, November 1918

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    7d1Property map, April 20, 1920

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    3b4Property maps (including names of occupants), undated

    Drawer

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    7d2Property maps: Mill and village, 1915-1942

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    7d3Property maps: Mill and village, 1915

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    3b5Property maps: Mill and village (partial), June 5, 1933

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    7d11Property maps: Mill and village, November 1918

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    3b6Property #2 maps, 1914; 1941

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    7d4Property #2 maps: Mill and village, 1914

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    7d12Property #4 maps, 1914-1932

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    3b7Property #6 grade, August 1, 1925

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    7d5Property #7 maps, 1925; 1940

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    7d13Property #9 map, November 1919

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    3b8Property #10, 11 map, July 25, 1925

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    7d14Road construction plans, January 1921

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    3b12Sanborn map (FRAGILE), undated

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    3b11Sewer maps: Various, 1919-1922

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    3b9Survey and maps: Tracts 1-5, 1942

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    3b10Surveys and plats, 1918-1942

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    7d6Topographical maps and excavation plans, 1917-1919

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    7d7Topography: Mill and village, 1928

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    7d15Village plans, 1919
     

    SERIES 2: Atlanta mill village, 1916-1948; undated.

    10.8 cubic feet (5 flat file drawers)

    Scope and Content

    SERIES 2 contains blueprints and other architectural drawings of the buildings in the Atlanta mill village. Most of the blueprints are drawings of floor plans, elevations, foundations, and structural details of the houses, which were categorized into lettered house types (such as House Type "A," House Type "B," and so on). Also included in this series are plans for a store building, renovations to the laundry building, and blueprints of the nursery and a tenement house. One other significant group of drawings is the set of blueprints for a YMCA recreation center, planned in 1917-1918 for Property 8, in the block bordered by East Fair, Chastain, Woodward, and Pearl Streets. This recreation center, which was to have included gymnasiums, an auditorium, and an athletic field, was apparently never built.

    Drawer

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    3c1Bathroom plans: Moved houses (Berean Avenue and Iswald Street), July 15, 1927

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    3c1aClinic and nursery building, 1942-1947

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    3c1bDevelopment: Second block on railway looking east (watercolor; artist's rendering), April 1925

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    3c2House floor plans (Carroll Street), April 17, 1917

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    3c3House floor plans (110 Estoria Street), March 26, 1948

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    3c4House floor plans, undated

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    3c5House for employees floor plan, June 24, 1919

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    3c5aHouse plans, 1940-1942

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    7e2House plans, undated

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    7e1House plans, undated

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    3c6House Type A floor plans, 1924-1925

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    3c7House Types A,B,C,CC,E,F,G,H,I,K floor plans (tissue paper), 1924-1925

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    3c8House: Concrete bases (South Blvd.) (brown paper pencil sketches), September 1916

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    3c9Houses: Proposed remodeling, December 16, 1947

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    3c10Houses: Three bedroom units (Estoria Street) (proposed), undated

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    7d17Laundry Building conversion (proposed), August 9, 1926

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    7d18Plot and foundation plan (110 Estoria), March 26, 1948

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    7d19Plot and foundation plan (127 Pearl), January 2, 1948

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    7d20Property #2: Bathrooms, foundation, floor plan, August 21, 1931

    Drawer

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    7d21Property #4: Floor plan (proposed alterations), March 29, 1932

    Drawer

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    7d22Property #4: Map, plans for House Types A,B,C,F,G,H, October 4, 1924

    Drawer

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    7d23Property #4: Store (E. Fair and South Blvd.) floor plans, May 1928

    Drawer

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    7e4Property #4: House Type N, July 14, 1927

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    7e3Property #4: House Type H, August 1927

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    7d24Property #4: House Types M,N foundation, root, and floor plans, August 12, 1927

    Drawer

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    7d25Village Maps, June 5, 1933

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    7d26Property #9: Proposed houses, October 22, 1919

    Drawer

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    3c1cReinhardt St. house specifications (note only), undated

    Drawer

    Fldr

    7d27Residence for Secretary of Social Welfare, January 1918

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    7d28Store building, July 30, 1919

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    7d29Tenement house floor plans, January 1918

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    7d30Tenement house floor plans, May 1918

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    3 d1aWesley House, 1918-1942

    Drawer

    Fldr

    3 d1YMCA: Elevations, floor plans (matted drawings), undated

    Drawer

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    3 d2YMCA: Electrical, 1917

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    Fldr

    3 d3YMCA[?]: Grandstand, 1918; May 1936

    Drawer

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    2o4YMCA: Grandstand

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    3 d4YMCA: Maps, January 1918

    Drawer

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    2o1YMCA: recreation center map (FRAGILE), 1918

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    3 d5YMCA: Plans, 1917

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    7e8YMCA: Plans, June 25, 1917

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    7e5YMCA: Plans, 1917-1918

    Drawer

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    7e6YMCA: Preliminary Study for Block Eight (color drawing), April 13, 1917

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    7e7YMCA: Property grades (pencil and pen on brown paper), February 1920
     

    SERIES 3: Atlanta mill buildings, 1889-1952.

    64.8 Cubic feet (29 flat file drawers and Oversize)

    Scope and Content

    SERIES 3 consists of blueprints of various buildings at the Atlanta site. Especially significant in this large series of drawings are the groups of blueprints of the first mill buildings. Included in this series are groups of drawings from 1895 of Mill No. 1, 1903 drawings of Mill No. 2, 1905 blueprints of the office building, and 1889 drawings of the machine shop. Other early blueprints of the bag factory, power plant, storehouse, seven-story warehouse (Warehouse No. 6), cloth storehouse, and waste mill (or waste house) also form part of this series. In many cases these drawings feature floor and foundation plans, machinery plans, details of machinery and internal and external structures, and systems plans for heating, cooling, piping and wiring. Some drawings of proposed and actual alterations to each of these structures are also often available.

    Oversize

    FOLIO 20Bag factory, 1952

    Drawer

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    3e1Bag factory: Building details, 1907-1916

    Drawer

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    3e2Bag factory: Cutting, 1926-1939

    Drawer

    Fldr

    3e3Bag factory: Drums, press changes, 1921-1923

    Drawer

    Fldr

    3e4Bag factory: Floor plan, presses, 1900-1905

    Drawer

    Fldr

    3e5Bag factory: Floor plans -- Stereotype room, 1912; revised 1918

    Drawer

    Fldr

    3e6Bag factory: Floor plans -- Basement (FRAGILE), undated

    Drawer

    Fldr

    3e7Bag factory: Floor plans, 1912; revised 1917

    Drawer

    Fldr

    3e8Bag factory: Floor plans, 1918-1926

    Drawer

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    3e9Bag factory: Floor plans (FRAGILE), April 1910

    Drawer

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    7e9Bag factory: Floor plans (linen) (FRAGILE), April 1910

    Drawer

    Fldr

    3 f1Bag factory: Gears, general, 1925-1938

    Drawer

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    3 f2Bag factory: Guard for bag bottomer, 1925

    Drawer

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    2o8Bag factory: Machinery (FRAGILE), 1912; 1932-1938

    Drawer

    Fldr

    3 f10Bag factory: Multi-color attachment, 1924

    Drawer

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    3 f3Bag factory: Press parts, details (brown paper), 1911-1913

    Drawer

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    3 f4Bag factory: Press parts, 1925-1938

    Drawer

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    3 f12Bag factory: Press parts (FRAGILE), March 1928

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    3 f11Bag factory: Press parts, 1935

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    3 f5Bag factory: Press parts, hydraulic press, 1935-1940

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    3 f6Bag factory: Pump, 1922

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    3 f7Bag factory: Sewing and patching, 1923-1928

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    3 f1aBag factory: Sewing machine layout (proposed) (FRAGILE), 1925

    Drawer

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    3 f8Bag factory: Various parts, 1894-1942

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    3 f9Bag factory: Various parts, undated

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    4a1Bag factory: Baling press, 1908-1927

    Drawer

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    4a9Bag factory: Building plans, 1910-1926

    Drawer

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    4a8Bag factory: Building details, 1910-1926

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    4a10Bag factory: Building details, 1907-1913

    Drawer

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    4a11Bag factory: Machinery, 1910-1931; undated

    Drawer

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    4a2Bag factory: Machinery, 1915-1948

    Drawer

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    4a7Bag factory: Mechanical, 1910-1938

    Drawer

    Fldr

    4a4Bag factory: Mechanical bag turner, 1922-1931

    Drawer

    Fldr

    4a6Bag factory: Mechanical bag turner (proposed), undated

    Drawer

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    2o10Bag factory: Multi-color cylinder press (FRAGILE)

    Drawer

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    4a12Bag factory: Press parts, 1935

    Drawer

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    4a3Bag factory: Winding machine, 1925-1926

    Drawer

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    4a5Bag factory: Winding machine (proposed), undated

    Drawer

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    3g1aBleachery: Artist's rendering (pencil sketch) (FRAGILE), 1912

    Drawer

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    4a14Bleachery: Building plans, 1896-1923

    Drawer

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    3g4Bleachery: Elevations (drawing), undated

    Drawer

    Fldr

    4b6Bleachery: Equipment details, 1947-1952

    Box

    21Bleachery: Finishing side elevation, 1951

    Drawer

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    3g5Bleachery: Floor plans, 1919; undated

    Drawer

    Fldr

    3g1Bleachery: Machinery design, November 15, 1901

    Drawer

    Fldr

    4b7Bleachery: Machinery details (1 of 2), 1914-1936

    Drawer

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    4b11Bleachery: Machinery details (2 of 2), 1914-1936

    Drawer

    Fldr

    4b12Bleachery: Machinery details (proposed), undated

    Drawer

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    4b13Bleachery: Machinery floorplan, 1919-1942

    Drawer

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    4a13Bleachery: Mezzanine plans, 1941

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    4a15Bleachery: Piping and wiring

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    4a16Bleachery: Proposed plans

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    3g6Bleachery: Rope drive, 1896

    Drawer

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    4a17Bleachery: Sections and elevations

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    3g7Bleachery: Transverse section (transparency), March 1, 1896

    Drawer

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    3g8Bleachery: Transverse section -- First, second, and third floors, 1896; undated

    Drawer

    Fldr

    3g2Bleachery: Wiring, 1934

    Drawer

    Fldr

    3g3Cafeteria, June 1940

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    3h4Machine shop, 1889-1940

    Drawer

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    3h4aMachine shop, 1897-1907

    Drawer

    Fldr

    3h1Mill No. 1: Additions to present mill, June 1903

    Oversize

    FOLIO 9Mill No. 1: Conveyor study and proposal, undated

    Drawer

    Fldr

    3h1aMill No. 1: Drawings, 1895

    Drawer

    Fldr

    3h5Mill No. 1: Details, April 6, 1895

    Drawer

    Fldr

    3h6Mill No. 1: Electrical prints, November-December 1932

    Drawer

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    3h7Mill No. 1: Elevations, April 6, 1895

    Drawer

    Fldr

    3h2Mill No. 1: Fan for opener room, 1914-1942

    Drawer

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    3h8Mill No. 1: Floor plans, 1896-1927

    Drawer

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    3i2Mill No. 1: Floor plans, May 1900

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    3i3Mill No. 1: Floor plans, 1900-1931

    Drawer

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    3h9Mill No. 1: Floor plans, 1918-1923

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    Fldr

    3h10Mill No. 1: Floor plans -- piping and wiring, 1911; June 1927

    Drawer

    Fldr

    2o7Mill No. 1: Floor plan, 5th floor spinning room (FRAGILE), September 1895

    Drawer

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    3h11Mill No. 1: Front elevation, May 24, 1900

    Drawer

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    3i1Mill No. 1: Machinery details (brown paper), 1912-1923

    Drawer

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    3i4Mill No. 1: Machinery details, 1903; 1918-1939

    Box

    14Mill No. 1: Proposal A, 1928

    Drawer

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    3h12Mill No. 1: Tower, 1895; 1903

    Drawer

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    3h3Mill No. 1: Warner and Swasey loom layout, 1949-1950

    Drawer

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    4b4Mill No. 1: Building details, 1931; 1942

    Drawer

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    4b8Mill No. 1: Humidifier piping, 1918; 1926; 1942

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    4b10Mill No. 1: Plans (proposed), 1903; undated

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    2o6Mill No. 1: situation map, additions (proposed) (FRAGILE), 1919

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    4b9Mill No. 1: Study, undated

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    4b2Mill No. 1: Supplies, 1917-1924

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    4b3Mill No. 1: Supplies, 1925

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    2o13Mill No. 1: Transverse section, April 6, 1895

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    3j2Mill No. 2: Details, elevations, 1903

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    3j3Mill No. 2: Elevations, 1903

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    3j4Mill No. 2: Floor plans, 1903

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    3j5Mill No. 2: Floor plans (FRAGILE), 1903

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    3j1Mill No. 2: Floor plans, 1907-1910; 1918-1934

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    3j6Mill No. 2: Floor plans, details, 1903

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    3j7Mill No. 2: Floor plans, lighting, sprinklers (FRAGILE), 1903-1907; 1921

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    3j8Mill No. 2: Floor plans, machinery plans (blueprints and pencil sketches), 1903-1918; undated

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    3k6bMill No. 2: Heating and cooling, fan room, 1907; 1936

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    3k7Mill No. 2: Humidifier systems, 1903; 1935

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    3k1Mill No. 2: Lighting, building alterations, 1903; 1922

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    3k8Mill No. 2: Lighting, wiring, sprinklers, 1903; 1923-1932

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    3k2Mill No. 2: Locker rooms, 1918

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    3k3Mill No. 2: Machinery details (FRAGILE), 1903-1904; 1913-1936

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    3k4Mill No. 2: Machinery, piping and wiring, 1909; undated

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    3k9Mill No. 2: Piping and wiring, sprinklers (FRAGILE), 1903; 1927

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    3k5Mill No. 2: Preliminary power wiring, December 12, 1932 undated

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    3k6Mill No. 2: Preliminary sketches -- Fifth floor, 1925

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    4b1Mill No. 2: Supplies, 1925

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    4b5Mill No. 2 annex: Machinery plans, 1927-1928

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    3k6aMill No. 3: Proposals, machinery, 1903-1927

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    3l1Office: Air conditioning plans, 1937

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    3l2Office: Alterations, 1912-1917

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    3l3Office: Alterations, 1921-1933

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    3l4Office: Alterations, 1940-1942

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    3l5Office: Alterations (FRAGILE), 1951

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    3l6Office: Alterations (FRAGILE), 1951

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    3l7Office: Alterations, heating and cooling, 1923-1929

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    3l8Office: Alterations (pencil sketches), 1932-1934

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    3l9Office: Alterations (FRAGILE), 1912-1927; undated

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    3m2Office: Details, March-August 1905

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    2o12Office: Details (FRAGILE), 1905

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    3m3Office: Details, March-August 1905

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    3m4Office: Elevations, sections, January-February 1905

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    3m5Office: Floor plans, September 1904

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    3m1Office: Floor plans, systems, 1905

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    3m1aOffice: Heating and cooling (pencil sketch) (FRAGILE), undated

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    3m1bOffice: Heating specifications (text), July 13, 1933

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    3m6Office: Systems (sprinklers, heating, piping), 1905

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    3m1cOffice: Telephone exchange (proposed) (pencil sketch), May 1927

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    3m1dOffice: Vault, 1904

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    3n1Picker building (Mill No. 1): Foundation plan, undated

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    3n7Picker building (Mill No. 1): Machinery, 1926

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    3n2Picker building (Mill No. 1): Machinery floor plan, October 1911

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    3n3Picker building (Mill No. 1): Wiring elevations of fence, 1909; undated

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    3n3aPicker building (Mill No. 1): Wiring, openings, timbers, June-July 1909

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    4c6Picker building (Mill No. 1): Building plans, undated

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    4c7Picker building (Mill No. 1): Building plans, undated

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    4c8Picker building (Mill No. 1): Building plans, 1907-1918

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    4c12Picker building (Mill No. 1): Building plans, 1907-1909

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    4c9Picker building (Mill No. 1): Building plans, 1919

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    4c10Picker building (Mill No. 1): First and second floor plans, undated

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    4c11Picker building (Mill No. 1): Piping, 1909

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    4c13Picker building (Mill No. 1): Piping and wiring, undated

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    4c1Picker building (Mill No. 1): Machinery, undated

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    4c2Picker building (Mill No. 1): Machinery, 1909-1918

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    4c3Picker building (Mill No. 1): Machinery, 1921-1934

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    4c4Picker building (Mill No. 1): Machinery and loom parts, 1917-1941

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    4c5Picker building (Mill No. 1): Machinery (proposed), undated

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    4c14Picker building (Mill No. 2), 1906-1940

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    3n1aPicker building (Mill No. 2): Condenser, 1939-1940

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    3n4Picker building (Mill No. 2): Machinery, 1895-1906; 1917-1941

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    3n5Picker building (Mill No. 2): Machinery, floor plans (pencil sketches), 1921; 1941

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    3n6Picker building (Mill No. 2): Second floor, 1919; revised 1927

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    16Picker room No. 1: Machinery, 1926; 1938

    Box

    8Picker room No. 1 and No. 2: Proposal, undated

    Oversize

    Box

    FOLIO 119Power plant, undated

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    1j5Power plant, 1895; 1904; 1921

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    1j4Power plant, November 1907

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    1i12Power plant: Boiler room, 1911-1926; 1940

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    1k1Power plant: Boiler room, 1911-1922; 1940

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    1j7Power plant: Boiler room, 1921-1922

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    1i4Power plant: Boiler room (Ash conveyor/coal handling)--Seam piping, 1907; 1922

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    1i5Power plant: Boiler room (Ash conveyor/coal handling)--Seam piping, 1907; 1922

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    1i1Power plant: Boiler room--B.R. columns, December 1939

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    1i6Power plant: Boiler room--Boilers 1 and 2 details, 1936

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    1j8Power plant: Boiler room--Boilers 1 and 2 details, 1935-1939

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    1j9Power plant: Boiler room--Boilers and stokers, 1906; 1939

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    1j10Power plant: Boiler room--Building details, 1916; 1920-1925

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    1i7Power plant: Boiler room--Building details, 1940

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    1k2Power plant: Boiler room--Building plans, 1920-1922

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    1i9Power plant: Boiler room--Building plans, 1920-1925

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    1i8Power plant: Boiler room--Building plans, 1940

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    1i10Power plant: Boiler room--Machinery parts, 1940; undated

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    1i11Power plant: Boiler room--Piping and wiring, 1933

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    1i13Power plant: Boiler room plans, August 1939-June 1940

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    1j1Power plant: Boiler room plans--Fans, November 1939-April 1940

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    1k1aPower plant: Boiler room (pencil sketches) (FRAGILE), 1946

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    1j11Power plant: Boiler room--Sections and elevations, 1895; 1922

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    1j12Power plant: Boiler room--Stokers, 1917-1936

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    1i2Power plant: Boiler room--Stokers and boilers, 1906; 1917-1918; 1927

    Box

    1Power plant: Chimney drawing, April 1895

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    1k3Power plant: Coal handling systems, 1903; 1922-1926

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    1j2Power plant: Coal handling systems, 1939-1946

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    1k4Power plant: Coal handling systems, 1939; 1945-1946

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    2Power plant: Fan room and boiler house; turbine room (electrical), 1895; 1922

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    1k5Power plant: Floor plans, March 31, 1927

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    1j3Power plant: Mill No. 2 boiler room, 1940

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    1i3Power plant: Miscellaneous buildings, 1950; undated

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    1k6Power plant: Plat, engine house and turbine room changes, 1895; 1922

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    1j6Power plant: Steam power plant, 1922

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    1k7Power plant: Steel reinforcement plan, September 2, 1903

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    3Power plant: Switch room drawings (conduits, switches, relays), 1913

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    4d1Power plant: Boiler room piping, 1926; 1936

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    4d2Power plant: Building plans, February 6, 1922

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    4d3Power plant: Building plans, 1920-1929

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    4d4Power plant: Piping and wiring, 1923-1930

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    4d5Power plant: Cooling tower (1 of 2), 1906-1929; 1951 undated

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    4d6Power plant: Cooling tower (2 of 2), 1906-1929; undated

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    4d7Power plant: Proposals, undated

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    4d8Power plant: Switchboard and generator, 1901-1930

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    4d10Power plant: Heaters and condensers machinery (1 of 2), 1900-1940

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    4d11Power plant: Heaters and condensers machinery (2 of 2), 1900-1940

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    4d12Power plant: Machinery, 1902-1928

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    4d14Power plant: Machinery, 1926

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    4d9Power plant: Machinery layout, 1951

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    4d13Power plant: Pump, 1906-1935

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    4e2Power plant: Circuit changes (Mill No. 1 and No. 2), May 19, 1949

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    4e3Power plant: Electric motor locations (Mill No. 1), May 12, 1948

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    4e4Power plant: Electric motor locations (Mill No. 1 picker building and Mill No. 2), May 11, 1948; May 13, 1948

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    4e5Power plant: Electric motor locations (Mill No. 2 picker building), May 12, 1948

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    4e6Power plant: Electric motor locations (Mill No. 2 basement and bag factory), May 12, 1948

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    4e7Power plant: Electric motor locations (Mill No. 3, bleachery and machine shop), May 12, 1948

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    4e8Power plant: Electric motor locations (turbine, boiler rooms and Lining Department), May 12, 1948

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    4e9Power plant: Electric motor locations (Warehouse No. 4 and laundry), May 12, 1948; May 13, 1948

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    4e10Power plant: Electric motor locations (Warehouse No. 5 and No. 6), May 12, 1948; May 13, 1948

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    4e11Power Plant: Electric motor locations (Warehouse No. 7 and No. 8), May 12, 1948

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    4e12Power plant: Generator, 1936

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    4e1Power plant: Power substation, May 1930

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    4e13Power plant: Various drawings, 1940

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    4e14Power plant: Various drawings, 1938-1941

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    4e15Power plant: Various drawings, 1895-1912; 1941; undated

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    4e16Storage room, 1948-1952

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    3o1Storehouse (cloth storehouse), September 13, 1899

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    2o11Storehouse: floor plan, 2nd floor (FRAGILE), 1899

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    4e17Switch room and opener room, 1948-1951

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    3o1aUnidentified building (pencil sketch), undated

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    4e18Various building drawings, 1940; 1949; undated

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    15Warehouse and picker building: Site drawings, fire door detail fittings, undated

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    3o2Warehouse No. 2, Warehouse No. 3: Struts, truss bars, 1948; 1952

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    3o3Warehouse No. 6 (seven-story warehouse): Longitudinal section, April 29, 1909

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    3o4Warehouse No. 6 (seven-story warehouse): Office and warehouse sprinkler system, undated

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    3o10Warehouse No. 6 (seven-story warehouse): Floor plan, detail section, longitudinal sections, 1905; undated

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    3o11Warehouse No. 6 (seven-story warehouse): Sectional views, steel framing, electrical floor plans (FRAGILE), 1905; 1916; 1940

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    3o5Warehouse No. 8: Electrical wiring plan, May 1, 1940

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    3o1bWarehouse No. 8: Various (blueprint transparencies), 1940

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    4e19Warehouse No. 6 (seven-story warehouse), 1905-1916; undated

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    4e20Warehouse No. 6 (seven-story warehouse): Building plans, 1905

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    4f1Warehouse No. 8: Building plans, 1940

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    4f2Warehouse No. 9: Additions, 1947

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    4f3Warehouse No. 9 and No. 10: Additions, 1942-1947

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    3o6Waste house: Floor plan (basement and second floor), undated

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    3o7Waste house: Machinery plans, 1919-1926

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    3o8Waste house (waste mill), 1894-1897

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    3o9Waste house (waste mill): Machinery and machinery plans, 1919-1926

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    3o12Waste house (waste mill) (pencil sketches), 1913-1920
     

    SERIES 4: Atlanta machinery and equipment, 1894-1950.

    12.76 Cubic feet (6 flat file drawers)

    Scope and Content

    SERIES 4 contains selected machinery, equipment, and systems designs for the Atlanta mill. For the most part these drawings are not associated with a particular building. Machinery, equipment, and systems drawings that are associated with a mill building are found in Series 3. Drawings of loom rolls and spools, heaters, pulleys, turbines, and some electrical equipment are among the items found in this series.

    Box

    Box

    Box

    Box

    17201918Airbag: Turner assembly, 1922

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    4g17[Boilers:] Machine plan for #3 boiler, undated

    Drawer

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    4f23Boilers, condensers, turbines and placards, 1936-1937

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    4g1Bridges and conveyors, 1905-1906; 1924-1937; undated

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    4g19Bridges: Details, elevations, wiring, October-November 1903

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    4g18Bridges and conveyors, 1895-1900 undated

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    4g2[Burners:] Circular burners--Arrangement and assembly, July-November 1939

    Drawer

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    4f22Cleaning and drying details, 1914-1926

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    4f4Conveyor study and correspondence, 1913-1923

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    4h7Cot assembly machine, March-May 1931; 1923

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    4g3Draw bridge and platform, 1940-1947

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    4f5Electric Elevator B: Erecting plan, September 23, 1909

    Drawer

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    4g4Elevator: Beams, 1903

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    4f25Engine setting, August 16, 1895

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    4f6Fan guard for steel cooling tower (pencil drawing), May 1913

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    4h14Four-cylinder multi-color press, undated

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    4g20[Gears, general machinery:] Detail drawings, 1931; 1938

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    4g21[Heaters:] Arrangement of air heater, November 17, 1939

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    4g5[Heaters:] Heating apparatus, July-October 1895

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    4f7[Heaters:] Kier heater, December 1927; March 1934

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    4h1[Ironwork:] Details of ironwork, floor fastening and framing, 1909; undated

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    4g6[Kneading machinery:] Three bbl kneading machine, October 3, 1896

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    4h15Knuckle joint press, 1904

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    4f8Loom parts, 1918; 1920-1932; undated

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    4g7Loom parts, 1913-1941

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    4f9Loom parts (pencil sketch), undated

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    4h2Looms (pencil sketches), 1926; undated

    Box

    23Piping diagram, 1948

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    4f10[Magnets:] A.C. brake magnet dimensions, November 1921

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    4h8Miscellaneous machinery details, 1917-1936; undated

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    4f11[Motors:] IN225 cartridge-type special motor, January 6, 1923

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    4h16Multi-color cylinder press, 1925; 1929

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    4h17Multi-color cylinder press, February 2, 1914; March 28, 1914

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    4h20Multi-color cylinder press, 1929

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    4h21Multi-color press, 1929-1940

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    4h18Overhead plaiting machine, 1923

    Box

    6Piping: High-low pressure, 1948

    Box

    5Piping: Steam power piping, 8 May 1923

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    4f12[Press:] Drawings, undated

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    4f13Pressure regulator, 1929; 1933

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    4g8[Pulleys:] The Reeves automatic electric control, July 25, 1927

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    4g9[Pulverizers:] Pulverized fuel--Foundation, side, front and rear views, sectional plan, November 1939

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    4h3[Pulverizers:] Pulverizer installation, December 1939

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    4f14Pumps: 2 1/2 H.W. condensate pump for G.E. turbine, 1923

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    4g10Railway tracks and trestles, October 1940

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    4h4Railway tracks and trestles, 1919-1940

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    4f15Rolls, 1926-1927

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    4h22Rotary press parts, 1925-1939

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    4g11Sewer details, 1915

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    4g13Sewing machines: Machine No. 2 elevation, 1925

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    4g12Sewer (pencil sketch), undated

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    4i2Sewing machine, 1924; undated

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    4i1Sewing machine details, 1924

    Drawer

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    4i3Sewing machine (tissue drawings), 1924; undated

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    4g14[Sewing machines:] Sewing machine assembly, February 1925

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    4h6Small mechanical drawings, letters, 1925-1928; undated

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    4f16Spools, 1924-1927; undated

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    4f17Stairs detail, undated

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    4f18Switchboard [electrical], December 1940-January 1941

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    4h19Toggle baler assembly, 1922-1924

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    4f24Turbine cracks, 1929

    Box

    22Turbine generator, April 1936

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    4h5[Turbines:] Generators, assembly, 1932; 1936

    Drawer

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    4f19[Underwriter:] Setting diagram for 18.5 10.25 12Dr. underwriter, May 13, 1894

    Drawer

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    4f20[Valves:] 9" angle valve with bypass, January 28, 1897

    Drawer

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    4g15[Valves:] Wheel on throttle valve on 1500kW turbine, August 31, 1908

    Drawer

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    4h11Various mechanical, 1894-1917; undated

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    4h12Various mechanical, 1921-1927; undated

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    4h13Various mechanical, 1933-1937; undated

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    4f26Various mechanical drawings, 1898-1933; undated

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    4g16[Water mangle:] Mycock's patent expander, 1907-1910; 1920-1923

    Drawer

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    4i4Weaving machine details, 1949-1950

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    4h9Winding and measuring machine, undated

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    4f21Wiring, 1941

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    4h10Wiring diagram of magnetic guider, April 1, 1931
     

    SERIES 5: Other Fulton Bag and Cotton Mills sites, 1906-1953.

    23.76 Cubic feet (10 flat file drawers and Oversize)

    Scope and Content

    SERIES 5 consists of drawings from other Fulton Bag mills including those in Dallas, New Orleans, Denver and Minneapolis, including building details, floor plans, machinery, insurance drawings and in some cases, alterations and additions.

    Drawer

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    4i5Brooklyn: Bag shed, 1926

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    4i6[Brooklyn:] American Sugar Refining Co., 1949

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    4i8Brooklyn: Machinery, 1927

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    4i7Brooklyn: Insurance drawings, 1922-1924

    Box

    24Dallas, June 1915

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    4j5Dallas: Building details, 1919 undated

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    4j7Dallas: Building plans, 1906

    Drawer

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    4i9Dallas: Building plans (folder 1 of 6), July 1906

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    4i10Dallas: Building plans (folder 2 of 6), July 1906

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    4i11Dallas: Building plans (folder 3 of 6), July 1906

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    4i12Dallas: Building plans (folder 4 of 6), July 1906

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    4j1Dallas: Building plans (folder 5 of 6), July 1906

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    4j2Dallas: Building plans (Canvas), 1906-1907

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    4j6Dallas: Building plans (folder 6 of 6), July 1906

    Drawer

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    4j3Dallas: Electrical, 1906-1917

    Box

    7Dallas: Floor plans, 1947

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    4j4Dallas: Insurance drawings, 1907

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    4j8Dallas: Various plans, 1907-1935 undated

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    4j9Dallas: Various plans: Buildings and machinery, 1905-1935 undated

    Drawer

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    4j10Dallas: Machinery drawings, 1904-1934

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    4j11Dallas: Building floor plan, 1948

    Drawer

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    4j12Dallas: Machinery drawings, 1906-1923

    Drawer

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    4j13Dallas: Machinery layout, 1917

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    4j14Dallas: Machinery layout, 1929

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    4j15Dallas: Machinery layout (canvas), 1929-1930

    Drawer

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    4k4Dallas: Alterations and additions, undated

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    4k5Dallas: Alterations and additions, undated

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    4k6Dallas: Alterations and additions (canvas), undated

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    4k7Dallas: Alterations and additions (canvas), undated

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    4k1Dallas: New sixth story addition, 1935

    Drawer

    Fldr

    4k8Dallas: New sixth story addition, undated

    Drawer

    Fldr

    4k3Dallas: Various drawings, letters, 1926-1930; 1948

    Drawer

    Fldr

    4k2Dallas: Various plans, undated

    Drawer

    Fldr

    4k9Denver: Addition to building, undated

    Drawer

    Fldr

    4k10Kansas City: Building plans, 1928

    Drawer

    Fldr

    4k11Kansas City: Building plans, 1928 undated

    Box

    25Los Angeles: Building plans, 1946

    Drawer

    4mLouisville: City - Dept. of Buildings - Standard fire escape details, undated

    Drawer

    Fldr

    4k13Minneapolis: Building plans, 1926-1951

    Box

    12Minneapolis: Floor plans, 1923

    Drawer

    Fldr

    4k16Minneapolis: Floor plans, 1927; 1951

    Drawer

    Fldr

    4k12Minneapolis: Insurance drawings, 1922-1923

    Drawer

    Fldr

    4k14Minneapolis: Machinery details, 1922-1926

    Drawer

    Fldr

    4k15Minneapolis: Machinery layout, 1923

    Box

    10Minneapolis: Machinery plans, undated

    Drawer

    Fldr

    FOLIO 514New Orleans, undated

    Drawer

    Fldr

    4l3New Orleans: Building details, 1909

    Drawer

    Fldr

    4l4New Orleans: Building plans, 1921

    Drawer

    Fldr

    4l5New Orleans: Building plans, 1922 undated

    Drawer

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    4l2New Orleans: Building preliminary drawings, 1947

    Drawer

    Fldr

    FOLIO 513New Orleans - High and low pressure piping, 1948

    Drawer

    Fldr

    4l1New Orleans: Insurance drawings, 1923

    Drawer

    Fldr

    4l6New Orleans: Air systems, 1912-1933

    Drawer

    Fldr

    4l7New Orleans: Electrical plans, undated

    Drawer

    Fldr

    4l8New Orleans: Fire extinguisher system, 1921; 1930

    Drawer

    Fldr

    4l10New Orleans: Machinery plans, 1923-1946

    Drawer

    Fldr

    4l11New Orleans: Piping, boiler and air conditioning, undated

    Drawer

    Fldr

    4l9New Orleans: Various machine and piping plans, 1916-1932

    Box

    13St. Louis, 1952

    Drawer

    Fldr

    4l12St. Louis: Building plans, 1916

    Drawer

    Fldr

    4l13St. Louis: Building plans, 1910-1940

    Box

    11St. Louis: Building plans, 1927

    Drawer

    Fldr

    4m18St. Louis: Electrical and piping, 1916

    Drawer

    Fldr

    4m19St. Louis: Machinery Details, 1917-1926

    Drawer

    Fldr

    4m20St. Louis: Sprinkler system, May 13, 1918

    Drawer

    Fldr

    4m21St. Louis: Various building plans, 1909-1925

    Drawer

    Fldr

    4m22St. Louis: Various drawings, 1953 undated

    Box

    26Unidentified mill: Building plans (Thompson and Nagle, mill engineers, Providence, RI), Undated
     

    SERIES 6: Private residences--Elsas family, 1904-1934.

    4.32 Cubic feet (2 flat file drawers)

    Scope and Content

    SERIES 6 contains a small group of drawings of the private residences of members of the Elsas family. One group of drawings are of the residence of Norman Elsas, president of the Atlanta mill from 1942 to 1950; a second group contains plans for the home of Jacob Elsas. The plans for the residence of Norman Elsas show details of the floor plan of the home, which was located in Atlanta's DeKalb County.

    Drawer

    Fldr

    4m23Jacob Elsas personal residence, 1904-1927; undated

    Drawer

    Fldr

    4m1Norman Elsas residence, 1934; undated

    Drawer

    Fldr

    2o3Norman Elsas residence (FRAGILE), 1934

    Drawer

    Fldr

    2o9Norman Elsas residence: floor plans, details (FRAGILE), 1934